Tuina is a style of massage treatment that uses TCM and martial art principles to bring the body to balance. The practitioner may brush, knead, roll/press and rub the areas between each of the joints –known as the eight gates, to open the body’s defensive (wei) qi and get the energy moving in the meridians as well as the muscles. The practitioner can then use range of motion, traction, massage, with the stimulation of acupressure points; it is effective to treat both acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions, as well as many internal conditions.
Cupping is a form of traditional medicine found in many cultures worldwide. It involves placing cups containing reduced air pressure (suction) on the skin. To apply a cup, the air inside it is heated, the cup is applied to the skin forming an air-tight seal, the air inside the cup cools and contracts forming a partial vacuum, enabling the cup to suck the skin, pulling in soft tissue, and drawing blood to that area.
Cupping therapy is used to dispel stagnation—stagnant blood and lymph, thereby improving qi flow—to treat respiratory diseases such as the common cold, pneumonia and bronchitis. Cupping also is used on back, neck, shoulder or other areas for musculoskeletal conditions.
The earliest record of cupping is in Ebers Papyrus, one of the oldest medical textbooks in the world. It describes in 1,550 B.C. Egyptians used cupping. Archaeologists have found evidence in China of cupping dating back to 1,000 B.C. In ancient Greece, Hippocrates (c. 400 B.C.) used cupping for internal disease and structural problems.